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Women's Fitness: Movement vs Exercise - Teri Cochrane

Women's Fitness: Movement vs Exercise

Continuing with our March theme of celebrating women, let’s look at what it means to be strong and fit and how to train your body in appropriate ways.

With the emergence of the #METOO movement, the last vestiges of the concept of the “ideal body” for a woman are falling away. Throughout history, societal norms have dictated the body beauty ideal – whether soft and rounded, model-skinny or a strong and chiseled. This “ideal” is ever-changing and is both geographically and culturally driven.  Many women have taken extreme and unhealthy steps to meet someone else’s idea of a perfect body. Bowing to societal pressure, women continue to restrict calories beyond what is healthy, undergo dangerous cosmetic procedures, wear uncomfortable undergarments and engage in excessive exercise all in the name of attaining that elusive perfect body. Young girls, unable to reach someone else’s ideal, are becoming stressed, dysregulating their hormones and occasionally even engaging in self-harm.

Let’s put an end to this unhealthy imbalance. Let this March be the month where each one of us says “enough”.  Our bodies are the physical manifestations of our whole selves. We are unique beings – mind, body and soul. Every one of us has to discern the physical body qualities that work for our unique lives.  

Genetic traits play a huge role in how the body works. Some may be predisposed to be lean and strong, while others are less likely to build muscle. Some women may be able to withstand the stress of a daily run, while others may have a connective tissue type which can not repair itself making your joints less resilient.  Some may be able to handle dietary slip-ups while others will react to even a tiniest cheat. And while genes are only a predisposition, they do matter. That is why my Wildatarian® philosophy offers four different dietary programs. It takes into account genetic tendencies and your current state of health to recommend which foods are best for your body.  

The same should be true for exercise. What works for me will not work for you. What worked yesterday may not work today. Here are some thoughts on how to shift the way you think about keeping your body strong and fit.


This simple reframing can make a huge difference. Lack of movement promotes stagnation in the body; it means you can’t detoxify as well, and you build up extraneous deposits in tissues and joints. So make an effort to move! Park further away. Get up to stretch often if you are an office worker. Walk at lunch. Garden. Clean house. Organize. Any opportunity to move should not be lost!  

Choose what’s appropriate for you at this moment

What’s appropriate when you are healthy may not be right for those times when you are “under the weather”.  If you are struggling with a health issue, you should avoid extreme exercise of long duration. If you are on your monthly cycle, maybe do a yoga class instead of that 60 minutes of spinning. If you are stressed at work, a gentle stretching class may serve you better than that intense CrossFit workout. Nursing an injury? Now is not the time to push your exercise routine. Having trouble sleeping? Perhaps you should move your exercise to earlier in the day.

Moderate your routine in times of stress

Exercise creates free radicals in the body, promoting inflammation and increasing oxidative stress. A little is good for us, but a lot may not be. Stress does the same. Both affect the adrenals– endocrine glands which are responsible for secreting Cortisol and Epinephrine – the body’s stress hormones. If you are going through a high-stress time, do not add to your body’s burdens by engaging in high-stress exercise. Choose more gentle disciplines such as restorative yoga, Pilates or stretching. Lower the amount of weights you use. Shorten your cardio routine. Allow your body to shift out of its stress physiology and into rest and repair – its “safe” mode.

More is not always better for weight loss

Many clients are frustrated when increasing the amount and intensity of exercise does not result in weight loss, and instead, brings on a plateau. The reason is related to the stress discussion above. Rising levels of Cortisol can dysregulate Leptin and Ghrelin – the hunger and satiety hormones – and increase Insulin – the hormone involved in fat storage. Choose something less stressful. Forego the spinning, Crossfit or hot yoga and do a 20 minute H.I.I.T (High Intensity Interval Training) routine instead. Take a Vinyasa flow class which combines periods of high and low intensity. The idea is to reassure your body that it can relax and get out of its stress mode. This yoga mat is the perfect thing to keep in your home for the days you know you just won’t make it that intense class.

Weight bearing is always important

I see a lot of clients who focus on cardio to maximize the calories burned and forget to worry about their muscles and bones. Scientists know that muscle burns more calories than fat. They know that strong muscles protect joints and support our bone health as we age. And each one of us loses muscle tone with age. If you are one of the people who thinks that intense cardio workouts of long duration are the best form of exercise – take another look. Studies show that a 20-minute, H.I.I.T workout, while burning less calories at the time of exercise, actually increases the body’s Resting Metabolic Rate for 24 hours after. So lift weights or do functional training – planks, squats, lunges, wall sits, push ups and others. Anything that will strengthen your muscles. Spend less time on cardio and more on building strong muscles and bones. These hand weights are a must-have in your home to add into your daily routine.

Shift the mindset about your body

While not related to actual physical activity, this may be the most important piece of advice I can offer you. Change the way you perceive your body and the body will follow. I have written before about the work of Dr. Bruce Lipton who showed that our thoughts affect form and function. Think strong and fit and your body will aim to be strong and fit. Thank your body for the work it does providing a physical frame for your daily life.

Bodies are beautiful when they work for our lives. Big and small, tall and short, soft and muscular – every body type can be strong and fit. Say NO to societal expectations of the “perfect” physique and say yes to loving your body as a vessel through which your life’s purpose may be manifested.

To The Tru Of You,
Teri Cochrane

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